Harrisburg, PA – If something can be routine and record-breaking at the same time, Pennsylvania’s archery deer season is it.
It’s routine in its consistency. Pennsylvania held its first statewide archery season in 1951; this year’s hunt is the 71st in a row since. It stretches across seven weeks, includes a Sunday and gives hunters the chance to be afield during the peak of the whitetail rut.
The 2021-22 statewide archery season runs from Oct. 2 to Nov. 13, continues on Sunday, Nov. 14, then goes Nov. 15 to 19. It comes back in on Dec. 27 and goes through Jan. 17.
Archers pursuing whitetails in Wildlife Management Units (WMUs) 2B and 5C and 5D, around Pittsburgh and Philadelphia respectively, can start hunting two weeks sooner, get an additional Sunday and can go later into 2022. Archery season in those WMUs runs from Sept. 18 to Nov. 13, continues on Sunday, Nov. 14, goes Nov. 15 to 20, continues on a second Sunday, Nov. 21, and goes from Nov. 22 to 26. It comes back in on Dec. 27 and goes through Jan. 29.
Where archery season is record-breaking is in participation.
The state’s first archery season drew a little more than 5,500 participants. In 2020, by comparison, the Game Commission sold a record 373,700 archery licenses, counting those sold to Pennsylvania residents as well as hunters from other states. That was an increase of 9 percent over 2019, when 341,847 licenses were sold, and of nearly 29 percent over 2010’s license sales of 289,414.
And those buying archery licenses aren’t the only archery deer hunters in the woods. Holders of junior and senior lifetime combination licenses also are permitted to participate in archery season, and untold number surely do.
David Stainbrook, chief of the Game Commission’s Deer and Elk Section, said that’s the trend all across the country; participation in archery is increasing, and as a result so is the overall percentage of deer harvests taken by archers.
The National Deer Association (NDA) put some numbers to that, surveying state and provincial wildlife agencies across North America to determine the percentage of the total white-tailed deer harvest taken with a bow or crossbow.
It calculated that, over the three years from 2017 through 2019, archers accounted for about 25 percent of all whitetails harvested nationally. In the 13-state Northeast region, archers took about one-third of the deer harvested in that time.
That’s largely in line with what’s going on in the Keystone State.
According to Game Commission data, archers accounted for 32 percent of Pennsylvania’s total deer harvest in 2017, 30 percent in 2018 and 37 percent in 2019. They accounted for 37 percent again last year, or 160,480 deer, which included 80,130 bucks.
That doesn’t mean archers are adding significantly to the state’s overall deer harvest.
Stainbrook said those figures represent a shift in the harvest rather than additional harvest since many archers also are rifle hunters. They’re just taking advantage of the seasons available and filling their tags earlier in fall, with a bow or crossbow, than they might have done otherwise with a firearm.
Expanded opportunities, like that offered by archery deer seasons, are, though, “great for the future of hunting,” the NDA said. They help even ‘occasional’ hunters stay engaged, enhance opportunities to young hunters and help retain aging hunters, the NDA said.
To help hunters get the most from archery season, the Game Commission is offering some reminders and tips.
Archery hunters may use long, recurve or compound bows, or crossbows. Bows must have a draw weight of at least 35 pounds; crossbows must have a minimum draw weight of 125 pounds.
The Game Commission encourages hunters to spend as much time as possible afield this fall prior to and during the hunting seasons to scout and identify areas where deer are traveling and bedding and where fall foods are abundant. Food availability changes from year to year, and in areas where food is spotty, deer often move to find better feed. Hotspots change from one year to the next, even from the start to the close of the season, so tracking deer activity and keying in on food sources is important.
Bowhunters should practice with their equipment before the season starts, from the ground and/or an elevated stand, and take only responsible shots at deer to ensure a quick, clean kill. Archery hunters should take only broadside or quartering-away shots at deer within their maximum effective shooting range, which differs for each hunter depending on their skill level and type of equipment used.
Hunters may use illuminated nocks for arrows and bolts, as they aid in tracking or locating the arrow or bolt after being launched. However, transmitter-tracking arrows are illegal.
Tree stands and climbing devices that cause damage to trees are unlawful to use or occupy unless the user has written permission from the landowner. Tree stands – or tree steps – penetrating a tree’s cambium layer cause damage, and it is unlawful to build or occupy tree stands screwed or nailed to trees on state game lands, state forests or state parks.
Portable hunting tree stands and blinds are allowed on state game lands, but not until two weeks before the opening of the archery deer season. Hunters must remove them no later than two weeks after the close of the flintlock and late archery deer seasons in the WMU being hunted.
In all cases, tree stands on state game lands also must be conspicuously marked with a durable identification tag that identifies the stand owner. Those tags must include the hunter’s first and last name and legal home address, the nine-digit CID number that appears on their hunting license, or their unique Sportsman’s Equipment ID number. Hunters can find their number in their HuntFishPA online profile or on their printed license.
Hunters who plan to be afield on private property on the Sundays open to archers must carry with them written permission from the landowner to be there.
Safety tips for bowhunters
Make sure someone knows where you’re hunting and when you expect to return home. Leave a note or topographic map with your family or a friend. Pack a cellphone for emergencies.
Practice climbing with your tree stand before opening day of the season, especially at dawn and dusk. Consider placing non-slip material on the deck of your tree stand if it’s not already there.
Always use a fall-restraint device – preferably a full-body harness – when hunting from a tree stand. Wear the device from the moment you leave the ground until you return. Don’t climb dead, wet or icy trees. Stay on the ground on blustery days.
Use a hoist rope to lift your bow and backpack to your tree stand. Trying to climb with either will place you at unnecessary risk.
Don’t sleep in a tree stand! If you can’t stay awake, return to the ground.
Keep yourself in good physical condition. Fatigue can impact judgment, coordination and reaction time, as well as accuracy.
Always carry broadhead-tipped arrows in a protective quiver. Know how to uncock a crossbow safely, too.
If you use a mechanical release, always keep your index finger away from the trigger when drawing.
Follow the manufacturer’s recommendations for all equipment and check your equipment before each use.
Avoid walking with a nocked, broadhead-tipped arrow or bolt.
Cocked crossbows should always be pointed in a safe direction. Know how to uncock your crossbow at the end of legal hunting hours.
Always carry a whistle to signal passersby in the event you become immobile. A compass or GPS unit and map, matches or lighter and tinder also are essential survival gear items to have along. A flashlight with extra bulbs and/or a portable charger for the light and your phone also can be helpful.
Free online course
To help hunters in being safe and successful this year, the Game Commission has created a free online course that provides instruction on tree stand safety, and safe and ethical shot placement. The course is available for free, takes about an hour to complete, and is found on the Game Commission’s Hunter-Trapper Education page (www.pgc.pa.gov/HuntTrap/Hunter-TrapperEducation), under “Pennsylvania Archery Safety Course.”
The Game Commission will conduct three drawings for prizes for those who complete the course this fall. To be eligible for a drawing, an individual must complete the course between now and Sept. 30; between Oct. 1 and Oct. 30; and between Nov. 1 and Nov. 30. Those who complete the course during those time periods will automatically be eligible to win a $500 gift card to Bass Pro Shops.
While hunting in October often offers pleasant days afield, the warm weather also presents challenges for successful deer hunters.
One is making sure they wind up with high-quality venison for the table.
Deer harvested when the weather is warm should be field dressed quickly, then taken from the field and cooled down as soon as possible. Refrigerating it is best. While hanging a deer carcass in a shady area might be fine in cooler temperatures, it’s not so good when air temperatures are above 40 degrees.
Additional information on warm-weather venison care, as well as instructions on deer processing and other tips, are available on the white-tailed deer page on the Game Commission’s website, www.pgc.pa.gov.
Hunters who harvest deer within any of the state’s Disease Management Areas (DMAs) or its Established Area (EA) must comply with special rules aimed at slowing the spread of Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD).
There are four DMAs across the state, one of them – DMA 5 in Warren County – is new this hunting season. The EA – which lies within DMA 2 and includes WMU 4A and part of WMU 2C – also is new.
DMA 5 was established after publication of the 2021-22 Pennsylvania Hunting & Trapping Digest so those wishing to view its boundaries must do so online at www.pgc.pa.gov/CWD.
It’s illegal within a DMA to remove any cervid high-risk parts; use or possess cervid urine-based attractants; directly or indirectly feed wild, free-ranging deer; and rehabilitate wild, free-ranging cervids.
High-risk parts include: the head (including brain, tonsils, eyes and any lymph nodes); spinal cord/backbone; spleen; skull plate with attached antlers, if visible brain or spinal cord tissue is present; cape, if visible brain or spinal cord tissue is present; upper canine teeth, if root structure or other soft tissue is present; any object or article containing visible brain or spinal cord tissue; unfinished taxidermy mounts; and brain-tanned hides.
The parts-movement ban means hunters in a DMA must determine in advance what they’ll do with any deer they harvest. They can take them to a processor within the DMA or to one included on a Game Commission-approved list for that particular DMA, so that the processor can properly dispose of the high-risk parts. Hunters can also dispose of high-risk parts within the DMA in trash destined for a landfill. Or they can quarter the animal and leave the high-risk parts at the kill site.
The meat, antlers (free of brain material) and other low-risk parts then can be transported outside the DMA.
Hunters getting taxidermy mounts must likewise take their deer to a taxidermist within the DMA or on the Game Commission list.
The processor and taxidermist list is available at www.pgc.pa.gov/CWD.
The EA, meanwhile, is where CWD is considered established within the deer population and the environment. As a result, it poses a long-term threat to neighboring areas. Reducing deer numbers is one way hunters can help fight CWD. Fewer deer may help reduce the prevalence of CWD-infected deer on the landscape.
The Game Commission’s goal is to keep the CWD prevalence rate among hunter-harvested deer at 5 percent or less in the EA. It was at 14 percent last year, highlighting the importance for control measures and the need for hunters to help out.
Hunters who harvest deer within the EA are prohibited from moving high-risk parts beyond its boundaries, even into the surrounding DMA. Dumpsters are available in the EA to provide an additional means for disposing of high-risk parts. Using cervid urine-based attractants, feeding deer and rehabilitating deer also is illegal there.
Meanwhile, the Game Commission offers free CWD testing within the DMAs, including in the EA.
Hunters should deposit deer heads – minus any antlers, double-bagged and with a legible harvest tag attached – in one of the provided head-collection containers. An interactive map showing the location of head drop-off bins is available at www.pgc.pa.gov/CWD.
The Game Commission will test those deer for CWD for free and notify hunters once their sample has been submitted to the lab. Test results can be obtained by calling the CWD hotline (1-833-CWDINFO) or visiting the CWD Results lookup page at https://pgcdatacollection.pa.gov/CWDResultsLookup.
Hunters can also explore opportunities to get Deer Management Assistance Program (DMAP) permits, which allow them to take antlerless deer in areas where additional CWD monitoring is wanted.